About Us

Evolution of the TCO dispute resolution scheme

History of the TCO

When it was first established in 2004, the Tolling Customer Ombudsman scheme was established by CityLink. It was a process for an external party, the ombudsman, to review the outcomes of complaints made to CityLink. Over time, other toll road operators joined the TCO after seeing the value in an independent view of how complaints were being managed.

At the beginning, the scheme was a contractual arrangement which was not well understood by stakeholders. Limited information was made available about what the arrangements between industry and the ombudsman were. This gave rise to perceptions of bias and favouritism towards the industry.

A range of measures were put in place to try to address these concerns, including:

Despite these measures, and no evidence of actual bias or unfairness being provided to the Ombudsman, to courts/tribunals or to parliamentary inquiries, the perceptions have persisted over time.

We continue to evolve the service we provide and to provide further assurances to stakeholders and the broader community. We welcome feedback at any time about how we operate.

Interim arrangements

Since Mr Arnold’s retirement in June 2019, the former Deputy Ombudsman, Nicolas Crowhurst, has been the Interim Ombudsman. Mr Crowhurst has worked with consumer organisations, toll road operators, and state government agencies to continue improvements to the existing TCO services. At the same time, he has been developing the arrangements for the ongoing service model.

Tolling Customer Ombudsman Limited

TCO has established a public company, Tolling Customer Ombudsman Limited (TCOL), to do this. TCOL is governed by its Constitution and has a Board of Directors which oversees the company and ensures that adequate funding is provided by the toll road operators. The TCO scheme itself is detailed in Terms of Reference which clearly set out the jurisdiction and process of the TCO. The Terms of Reference were drafted in consultation with both consumer and industry stakeholders.

Combined with the application form (either the Membership Application Form for toll road operators or the Complaint Form for consumers) the Constitution and Terms of Reference will form a three-way contract between TCOL, the toll road operator and the consumer for how complaints will be handled.

The TCO website will announce when the transition between the interim and ongoing arrangements takes place.

The Board of Directors

The Board is made up of an Independent Chair, a director with experience of consumer issues relating to tolling, and a director with experience of how the tolling industry operates. Due to the small size of the TCO operations, a three person board is considered adequate at this stage, but this may be revised in future.

None of the directors are employed by the toll road industry. By law, each director must act in the best interests of TCOL, not its stakeholders.

  • Nicolas Crowhurst, Independent Chair
  • Paul Holmes, Consumer Director
  • Samantha Shaw, Industry Director
The Ombudsman

On 29 January 2020, the Board of TCOL appointed Mr Phillip Davies as the new ongoing ombudsman. Mr Davies has been engaged as a TCOL employee on a fixed term contract of 3 years.